Melasma is a chronic, acquired and persistent skin condition consisting of increased hyperpigmentation on the skin. The sun-exposed areas of the face such as the forehead, cheeks, upper lip, and chin are most commonly affected. This condition is more common in darker female patients such as Asian, Hispanic, and Middle Eastern patients.
Melasma causes include sun exposure (UV radiation), genetics, female sex, high levels of estrogens (hyperestrogenism) such as during pregnancy or due to contraceptive medications, thyroid disorders, and certain medications can all predispose a person to melasma. The pigmentation occurs due to an increased activity of melanocytes (pigment cells) which in turn increases the amount of melanin production.
Melasma symptoms appear on the skin as irregular patches of darker brown spots. These darker areas are known as “hyperpigmentation” of the skin, and may have a darker gray to brown color. The borders of pigmentation are irregular but well-demarcated. It is common to have more than one patch of hyperpigmentation melasma on the face. This condition is more common in females and rarely ever seen in males.
There are several treatment options for melasma that vary based on the patient, severity, distribution of patches and skin tone. Melasma is a chronic and persistent condition that is difficult to treat. Therefore, familiarity with this condition and its treatments are required for good clinical outcome.
At ReJUVA Dermatology & Vein Center, our skin care physicians and cosmetic experts, Dr. Mazloom and Dr. Rasouli, offer various individualized medical and cosmetic treatment plans including the newest lasers and radiofrequency technologies for the best melasma treatment. In most cases, a combination of natural topical creams, laser for melasma treatments, RF microneedling or other medications are required to achieve lasting results.
Our experienced and caring dermatologists have extensive training and experience in cosmetic dermatology and have taught other doctors at prestigious institutions such as Mount Sinai in NYC. Our patients commonly express their regret for not coming sooner to us to treat their melasma for a much more improved appearance and healthier skin. Book your consultation for an exclusive dermatology and cosmetic experience at ReJUVA Dermatology.